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Eugene Garfield

Eugene Garfield (September 16, 1925-) is an American linguist and businessman, one of the founders of bibliometrics and scientometrics. On July 15, 1955, Eugene Garfield published his groundbreaking paper on citation indexing, “Citation Indexes for Science: A New Dimension in Documentation through Association of Ideas”. Garfield is responsible for many innovative bibliographic products, including Current Contents, the Science Citation Index (SCI), first articulated in 1955 and other citation databases, the Journal Citation Reports, and Index Chemicus. Garfield undertook the development of a comprehensive citation index showing the propagation of scientific thinking; he started the Institute for Scientific Information in 1955 (it was sold to Thomson Corporation in 1992). The impact factor was devised by Eugene Garfield, the founder of the Institute for Scientific Information.
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