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Implications of 5th Law of Library Science

1. Introduction: The first law of Library Science is “Library is a Growing Organism”. The main components of the library are documents, the user and the staff. A library always grows in terms of documents, the reader or the user and the staff. The growth of a new library can be compared to the growth of a child as it grows in every aspect. In case of a service library that has attained certain degree of stability its growth can be compared with the growth of the adult i.e. it grows in terms of replacing old document by new one and new user will continuously replace the old one.

2. Library Building: The library building should be modular and should have the provision of future growth. In construction of the library building its future need for horizontal and vertical growth should be taken into consideration.

3. Choice of Classification and Cataloguing Code: The classification and cataloguing scheme chosen should have the provision to keep pace with the development in the universe of subject. The hard coded classification system should be avoided and the dynamic and frequently updated classification and cataloguing system should be adopted.

4. Library Software: The library automation software chosen should have the provision to incorporate more and more client terminal or entries to deal with the future growth in collection and library users.

5. Weeding out of Document: To make the space for new addition the documents that are obsolete and unused should be weeded out. The weeded out document should be stored, where they are available for occasional use or at a central place (a central library) with cooperation among libraries.

6. Modernization, Computerization: Library that grows fast both in terms of size and services may have to go for the computerization of various house-keeping operations (i.e. acquisition, circulation, cataloguing, etc.). In order to take care of the growing collection the documents should be digitized or microfilmed; the new procurement should be made in the form of e-journals, e-book, etc.. To cope with the increased readership the library should go for the video terminal and ultimately to the digital or virtual library.

7. Conclusion: Previously the libraries grew with the collection, but nowadays the digital library, or virtual library or e-library does not show the characteristics of the growing of a library by volume. The growth is in the use of sophisticated technologies. So, whenever need arises, the library should upgrade the technologies that are being used in managing its collection, users and staff.
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