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### How to Solve Assertion-Reason Questions of UGC NET Examination Conducted by NTA

What is assertion-reason questions?: In this test, two statements referred to as Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are provided. Four alternatives on these are given and the correct one is to be chosen. The assertion means the “statement of fact” and a reason means “explanation for why that assertion is true”. A standard assertion and reason question looks somewhat like the following:
Assertion (A): Statement 1
Reason (R): Statement 2
(A) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation for A
(B) Both A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation for A
(C) A is true, But R is false
(D) A is false, but R is true
(E) Both A and R are false

Why assertion-reason questions are asked?: The Assertion-Reason question is meant to judge the candidate's knowledge and with it, his/her ability to reason out correctly. Assertion-reason tests used to explore cause and effect relationships as well as your ability to identify those relationships. It also tests concept clarity as the Assertion-Reason type of question requires high level of learning. To solve such type of question the students should have the clear concept of the terminologies used in the question and a proper understandings of the meaning of the sentence.

How to solve assertion-reason questions?: The following steps will help you to solve the assertion-reason questions-

Step 1: Judge each sentences independently: The student must first determine whether each statement is true or not. The assertion and reason both should be a free standing sentence so that it can be considered separately from each other. If you are able to find an incorrect statement, then you have automatically cracked the problem. If both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) sentences are correct, then only you need to go to the step 2.

Step 2: Reason is true or false: The student must next determine whether the reason correctly explains the assertion. Generally, the minor reasons are avoided as they can result in an ambiguous question. So you have to test the reason by putting them into the order like <Assertion> is true because <Reason>. For example: <I studied Library Science> is true because <I don’t get a seat in other subject>. Here in this example both sentences are true and Assertion (A) is true because of the Reason (R).

Example 1: (The following question was asked in the UGC NET Examination 2016 July, Paper II, and Question No. 40)
Assertion (A): Selection of e-resources requires utmost care and caution in order to make the same user-centric.
Reason (R): Availability of seamless online products in the market coupled with abundant internet resources at no cost made the e-resources redundant.
Codes:
(A) (A) is false, but (R) is true.
(B) Both (A) and (R) false.
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) Both (A) and (R) true.

Step 1: As there are lots of e-resources some of which are authoritative and some are not, it definitely needs utmost care and caution in order to meet the user need. So, the sentence of Assertion (A) is correct.
The availability of the free e-resources does not make the e-resources surplus or un-needed. We all required them for our education and research. So, the sentence of Reason (R) is not the correct.

Step 2: As the sentence in the Reason (R) is not correct, we need not to look the sentences in the light of <Assertion> is true because <Reason>. Now look the answer options where (A) is mentioned as correct and (R) as false. Yes, you are right, the answer is (C).

Videos
How to Solve Assertion-Reason Questions: Video 1
How to Solve Assertion-Reason Questions: Video 2
How to Solve Assertion-Reason Questions: Video 3

Test Your Knowledge: The benchmark test is test of evaluating yourself by going through a set of prescribed questionnaire. The aim of this benchmark test is to determine your chances of qualifying the UGC NET Examination. It will help you to know your own weak areas or question type so that you can give more emphasis on it to improve further. Now that you know how to solve assertion-reason questions try the mock test. These questions are similar to the ones that were on the UGC NET Examination test. Kindly attempt the following questions without taking help from any other sources. If you able to score 14 or more in each of the series of questions, then there are chances of qualifying the UGC NET Examination. If you get lower than what is mentioned, you have to devote more time on those types of questions. After attempting the benchmark test post your score as comment below.